A new Guide to Cannabis and Hemp Oil Extraction Equipment 2021

In this chapter of The Ultimate Guide to Cannabis Extraction, we will provide you with an overview of the most widely used cannabis and industrial hemp extraction equipment and systems used to extract THC, CBD and other valuable cannabinoids.
Here you will find a comprehensive guide to the extraction machines and systems needed for the main stages of the cannabis derivatives journey to produce the most popular hemp and cannabis end products on the market today.
Based on the extraction methods outlined, we will cover most of the extraction machines and techniques needed to extract, distill and refine CBD, THC, CBN, CBG, and other popular forms of cannabinoids and their derivatives. In Chapter 7: Cannabis and Cannabis Extraction Methods.
The hairy fruit is usually covered with tiny protective leaves that are cut or trimmed off in the early stages of processing. Smaller trichomes can be found on stems, fan leaves, etc. They are just smaller and less pleasant to smoke. But that doesn't mean they are worthless. This brings us to biomass.
CBD and THC Oil Extraction Equipment Guide
*Please note that if you have not yet decided on an extraction method, take a step back and re-read Chapter 7: Cannabis and Hemp Extraction Methods.
This chapter covers.
Key considerations for selecting extraction equipment
Solvent extraction refining equipment
Ethanol (alcohol, also known as ethanol alcohol) extraction
CO 2 (carbon dioxide) extraction
Co-solvent extraction equipment (ethanol and carbon dioxide)
Hydrocarbons (butane, propane, hexene, etc.)
Vegetable oil: coconut oil, olive oil, etc.
Non-solvent extraction equipment
Ice water extraction (mechanical separation)
Cold-press extraction
Rosin presses
Screens and/or presses
Extraction equipment safety, certifications and standards
Extraction equipment purchase - appearance certification
Extraction Lab Compliance and Solvent Storage and Security
Extraction Equipment - Frequently Asked Questions
Key Considerations for Selecting Extraction Equipment
When preparing to purchase a cannabis or hemp oil extraction machine, you should already have several important questions answered. The most critical of these is to decide what the final product will be based on your market research of what will be sold on the market today. In addition, you should have fully developed your extraction business plan and be ready to present it to your partners or investors.
If you have read Chapter 10: Cannabis Extraction Business Plan Development, there is no doubt that you will have made some key business decisions and by now, you should know your.
Market opportunity: after completing your market research, you know the gaps in the market that you can enter.
The desired end product: What do you want to produce? After you have made an educated guess about the product, you will find the market will be attractive.
Audience: Who will buy your product and how will they buy it? Through retail stores, online sales or wholesale B2B.
Legal implications: Your state's laws and regulations regarding the manufacture of CBD or THC or both.
Extraction Method: Which extraction method will be the best way to produce the desired end product? *
These 5 factors are the minimum requirements you should know before you commit to spending any money on extraction equipment.
To help you determine the extraction and refining equipment you need to purchase to produce the desired end product of cannabinoid derivatives, let's explore the most commonly used solvent-based and non-solvent-based cannabinoid extraction equipment and techniques.
*Please note that various ancillary equipment may of course be required for the extraction and refinement process. However, for the sake of brevity, we have chosen to list the larger technologies that need to be obtained for each extraction method.
Solvent extraction equipment
In the contemporary cannabis and hemp industry, solvents have been used to extract cannabinoids for many years, if not decades. There are good reasons why solvents are popular. They are...
relatively easy to scale, making them ideal for start-ups with limited budgets but ambitious
Effective in producing the most popular end products available today, and
relatively safe as long as you comply with local, state and federal laws and guidelines.
The following list of solvent-based plant oil extraction equipment and systems summarizes all of the machinery typically required for solvent-based extraction, distillation and further refinement of cannabis and cannabinoids.
You may also need a variety of other ancillary equipment, systems and/or machines for processing, so consult an industry expert to ensure you have a complete shopping list of extraction equipment.
What equipment do I need to extract ethanol?
Ethanol Cryogenic Cannabis Processing Kit - 300 lbs per shift
As one of the most popular solvents, ethanol extraction is known to be one of the safest methods of extracting cannabinoids from cannabis, hemp and other plant materials. It is also known for being the most scalable for your extraction business, making it perfect for startups and growing companies.
Ethanol extraction requires only C1D2 operating space, making it relatively easy to set up an extraction lab. Ethanol can also be easily recovered and reused for multiple extraction cycles, making your extraction process more cost effective and increasing your return on investment.
The great thing about using ethanol as an extractant is that it is extremely versatile in production and therefore can be adapted to the changing needs of the market. It is perfect for extracting a variety of desired cannabis and hemp end products. Moreover, if handled properly, it leaves no residual solvent in the final product, which is why it is widely considered as a "clean" solvent.
Ethanol has the ability to produce a wide variety of cannabinoid derivatives, making it an ideal solvent for small-scale cannabis "connoisseur" processors (who may target a wide variety of full-spectrum cannabinoids and terpenes) as well as large laboratories seeking to isolate specific cannabinoids, such as CBD and THC. http://www.careddi.com/brc/66.htm
The usual flow of the ethanol extraction process is shown below (for our purposes here, it is the low-temperature ethanol extraction process flow).
Cooling: Pre-chill the ethanol solvent to as low as -40°C using the DC-40 direct chiller to reduce the need for post-extraction steps.
Extraction: Extraction of the cannabinoids by immersing the biomass in the cooled ethanol solvent and stirring through a CUP series closed-loop mechanical centrifugation.
Filtration: removal of suspended particles and sorbents
Evaporation: removal of ethanol from the crude oil using a falling film evaporator (FFE)
Decarboxylation: heating the original "acidic" versions of the cannabinoid molecules (e.g. THCA, CBDA and CBGA) to release the carboxyl molecular groups as CO 2 and convert them to more consumable versions (e.g. THC, CBD and CBG).
Distillation: Use rolled film distillation (RFD) to separate purified THC, CBD, CBG or other desired molecules from the crude oil.
To set up an ethanol extraction lab, the following machines will need to be installed in the C1D2 operating space (listed below in chronological order of ethanol extraction and purification processes)

Low temperature ethanol extraction
1. Cooling: In-line cooler
Ethanol direct cooler for 40-cannabis ethanol cooling
Although ethanol extraction can be performed at room temperature, it is usually most efficiently performed by pre-cooling the ethanol solution to approximately -40°C in an in-line chiller (e.g. DC-40 Direct Inline Chiller).
The first step in performing a cold ethanol extraction process is to increase the efficiency of the solvent's ability to separate the cannabinoids and other desired compounds from the plant material, thereby reducing the number of post-extraction processes. For this reason, large ethanol extraction laboratories use cold ethanol extraction more often than room temperature extraction.
How does it work?
To reduce the temperature of the ethanol used for cold ethanol extraction, an industrial in-line cooler (a refrigeration system that uses low temperatures to process the fluid) rapidly cools the ethanol solution.
Once the ethanol solution is cooled to the desired temperature, it is ready for the next step: it is added to an extraction system such as the CUP Series (Centrifuge Utility Platform) system (see next step) along with high-quality cannabis or cannabis biomass
Learn more about cooling ethanol in a direct in-line cooler.
Ethanol Extraction
2. Extraction: Centrifuge Utility Platform (CUP)
Extraction Centrifuge Utility Platform 30 - Ethanol Extraction of Cannabis
The next step is extraction; the biomass is immersed in cold ethanol solvent and stirred in it to extract the cannabinoid compounds in a centrifuge.The CUP Series (also known as the Centrifuge Utility Platform) is our advanced, industry-leading ethanol extraction equipment.
Currently used by nearly every major cannabis and industrial hemp extraction laboratory in North America, the recently patented (U.S. Patent #10814338) Centrifuge Utility Platform (CUP-15 and CUP-30 AKA "CUP Series") is dedicated to targeting and extracting compounds from a wide variety of plant materials, including cannabis and cannabinoid derivatives of hemp.
How does it work?
It works similarly to a top-loading laundry, adding a pre-cooled ethanol solution to ground plant biomass to facilitate the initial extraction process. The ethanol absorbs the biomass while the CUP is agitated by closed-loop centrifugal force to extract the cannabinoid compounds.

The CUP series works by combining a closed-loop alcohol extraction system with a mechanical centrifugation method to ensure a high purity, consistent extraction. Depending on your desired end product, you can target specific plant compounds with programmable sequences to efficiently isolate the desired separation.
The CUP series boasts 97% alcohol removal from biomass, while also reducing production time and maximizing extraction rates.
The process is very efficient and fast! The CUP-15 extraction system has a run time of 15 minutes, while the CUP-30 has a run time of 20 minutes! This allows the operator to process up to 600 pounds of material in a standard eight-hour shift. With the touch of a button, the automatic program menu runs the cycle to the user's specifications.
The final output of the CUP extractor is a solution of cannabinoid-rich ethanol, often called a "tin agent," which then needs to be filtered to remove suspended particles and then evaporated to remove residual ethanol.